- West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette [Wikipedia]
One of my teacher friends, Melanie, posted a graphic on Facebook the other day referencing this case, which established the Constitutional right not to have to say the Pledge of Allegiance; although I was familiar with the concept, I did not know the name of the case, so the graphic was still educational I found the Wikipedia article about the case interesting and timely reading, even if Wikipedia claims it’s not up to its standards. Two quotations, from the majority and concurring opinions:
[W]e apply the limitations of the Constitution with no fear that freedom to be intellectually and spiritually diverse or even contrary will disintegrate the social organization. To believe that patriotism will not flourish if patriotic ceremonies are voluntary and spontaneous instead of a compulsory routine is to make an unflattering estimate of the appeal of our institutions to free minds.
—Justice Robert Jackson, for the majority
Love of country must spring from willing hearts and free minds, inspired by a fair administration of wise laws enacted by the people’s elected representatives within the bounds of express constitutional prohibitions.
—Justices Hugo Black and William O. Douglas, in their concurring opinion
- Lawrenceville will save historic black school, add museum and library [Atlanta Journal-Constitution, via Lizzie]
It was not until I was in high school that I first heard rumors of the existence of the Hooper-Renwick School (like something out of Atlas Obscura, had it existed at the time). As the years went by, I learned only bits and pieces about it via news articles, but its significance was clear. A few months ago, I read about the city of Lawrenceville planning to tear the school down and thought it was such a waste—and such a loss for an ill-known and ill-documented period of our history—especially while Gwinnett County is doubling down on preservation in advance of the county bicentennial (Hudson-Nash House and Promised Land, among others). I’m thrilled to see that Hooper-Renwick alumni have persuaded the city to change its mind and the school will be saved and turned into a museum about African-American life and history in the county.
- An untitled poem by Lili Reinhart [Lili Reinhart’s tumblr]
If Instagram is for cultivating an image, Twitter is for activism, and Facebook is for fanclubs, then Tumblr is the “social media” platform where celebrities let the rest of us see glimpses inside their souls and minds—Tumblr is, after all, a blogging platform. (Reinhart’s September 11th poem, “A somber poem for Monday blues”, was also quite moving.)